Lost Visions vs Capitalistic Green

Anne Katrin Fenk gave a lecture at MSA (Munster School of Architecture) on the subject of ‘Lost Visions vs. Capitalistic Green – about the (de)construction of open spaces in India‘.

Excerpts from the lecture:

[English]

India has been through changing town-planning situations. Registered city designs at the time of British colonisation (phase of global diffusion of ideas in town and open space planning) and the strong setting in of internationalisation that followed independence as well as modern and post-modern urban projects have all left different urban images in their wake. On one side it is possible to find homogenous “complete” cities or built utopias such as Chandigarh, Gandhinagar and Bhubaneshwar, which were realised under the ideals of modernism. The majority of Indian cities are however distinguished by a multitude of sometimes “incomplete” fragments dating from various eras.

The commercial apparatus and the associated building boom, especially in the private sector (e.g. real estate), generate and consolidate (completed) images of the building process (gated communities, apartment towers), independent of the area’s socio-cultural, ecological and economic histories. The newly created images are simply laid on top of the old. Traditional settlements and the public infrastructure feel these changes the most.

The question “What is/was and will be the nature of a modern Indian city” is rarely asked.

* See also: Aiyar, Shankkar & Mehra, Puja. (2007) “Prices out of Control,” India Today, March 5

[Deutsche]

VERGESSENE VISONEN VERSUS KAPITALISTISCHES GRÜN >

ÜBER DIE (DE) KONSTRUKTION VON FREIRÄUMEN IN INDIEN

Indiens Städte sind durch extrem wechselhafte städtebauliche Phasen gegangen. Eingetragene Stadtentwürfe zu Zeiten der englischen Kolonialisierung und die nach der Unabhängigkeit stark einsetzende Internationalisierung über Stadtprojekte der Moderne und Postmoderne hinterließen unterschiedliche Stadt- und Freiraumbilder. So findet man einerseits, homogene „fertige“ Städte bzw. auch „gebaute Utopien“ nach dem Leitbild der Moderne, jedoch der Großteil der Städte ist geprägt von einer spannenden räumlichen Melange der Epochen.

Die Frage: „Was ist/war die Eigenart einer modernen indische Stadt?“ wird nur selten gestellt. Und nur langsam werden historische Visionen, informelle Prozesse sowie radikalere Zukunftsmodelle erforscht und weiterentwickelt, obwohl gerade hierin ein enormes Potential liegt. Somit ist der indische Stadtdiskurs von heute vielmehr eingebettet in ein Milieu aus städtebaulichem Formalismus, postmodernen „Ideenwirrwarr“, Golf Course, Gated Community Ästhetik und ökonomischer Spekulation.

Anne Katrin Fenk is a Co-Founder of MOD. Find more about her in the MOD team page.



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